What Is Peyronie’s Disease?
Peyronie’s disease is a connective tissue disease that develops in the penis. Peyronie’s disease is the result of fibrous scar tissue development in the penis that can result in a penile deformity that may occur in the form of a noticeable bend in the penis, noticeable scar tissue formation, or a palpable nodule on the penis. In some men, Peyronie’s disease can be a very painful issue to deal with that can also affect their ability to have sex and maintain an erection.
What Causes Peyronie’s Disease?
The shaft of the penis is composed of tubes known as the corpus cavernosum that contain small blood vessels. When men become aroused, the corpus cavernosum are filled with blood which causes them to expand and stiffen as the penis becomes erect.
The corpus cavernosum are surrounded by a thick and fibrous-rich layer made from structural collagen and extracellular proteins known as the tunica albuginea. When an erection occurs, the tunica albuginea expands along with the corpus cavernosum. The strong and thick tunica albuginea allows the blood pressure to build up and stay in the corpus cavernosum to maintain a stiff erection.
Peyronie’s disease can occur in the form of a curve in the penis, a penile deformity, or a shortened penis which can be caused by several different factors. Sports-related injuries that cause significant damage may cause the issue. An injury during sexual activity can also lead to the development of Peyronie’s disease.
Peyronie’s disease can also develop as a result of prostate surgery, autoimmune disease, diabetes, and genetics. These issues cause inflammation and swelling of the tunica albuginea. This swelling signals to the brain that damage has occurred to the tunica albuginea which causes the brain to respond by stimulating collagen production while also sending growth factors and fibroblasts to the area. This can result in the faulty repair of the area which can lead to the buildup of scar tissue, also known as plaque.
Issues Caused by Peyronie’s Disease
For many men, Peyronie’s disease can result in very painful erections that prevent them from wanting to become aroused. Peyronie’s can also make sexual intercourse difficult and painful. It can make it difficult to get or maintain an erection and can cause many men to develop feelings of stress and anxiety over the appearance of their penis and their ability to sexually perform.
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Treating Peyronie’s Disease
There are two phases of Peyronie’s disease. The acute inflammatory phase is the easiest to treat as the scar tissue buildup and curvature have not had enough time to become too severe. If the symptoms of Peyronie’s disease are ignored and the issue is allowed to develop for a year or more, it leads to the chronic, calcifying stage. This stage is very difficult to treat. This means that the palpable scar tissue has begun to harden and calcify like bone.
While receiving treatment during the acute inflammatory phase is ideal, both phases of Peyronie’s disease can be treated. At the Novus Center, our team of medical professionals and sexual wellness experts can provide you with the care and treatment you need. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.